Posted June 13, Cork would have been the 'norm' for helmets of the period. I can only guess to the use of sawdust at some point? Sand textured smoother finish on later post war helmets along with new OD shade.
Some say cork was added to deflect both glare and noise. Noise however - would have thought that a little too realistic under the circumstances. Thanks a lot for this excellent thread! Very ninteresting and useful! I will soon, when there's more time, some pics of my 4 M1 helmets for evaluation on authenticity. Keep uk the good work. Posted June 19, However was common for wartime shells to be used in Korea and even Vietnam, either with a cover or sprayed with sand textured OD3 paint over the cork. Posted June 21, Oli, you're likely right about no sawdust on the M1 helmet.
I had read in one of Reynosa's books that fine sawdust was blown onto the wet paint of the M helmets, and then more paint was applied on top of that, so assumed that was a method still in use in WWII. You may be able to see the rough texture of the sawdust in this shot of my No wonder it has such a classic look!
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Display as a link instead. Upload or insert images from URL. By Richard Auld , Wednesday at All Activity Home War Memorabilia: Prev 1 2 Next Page 1 of 2. Share this post Link to post Share on other sites. M1- Helmet 2 To begin with the basics of the M1 we need to understand a little more about its composition and the various specifications involved. Schlueter in the region of 2,, Stainless Steel or Manganese Rim Manganese rim added later in place of original stainless steel rim Normally a good indicator of a early war model is a shiny, paint loss' steel rim.
Hook and Arrow Chinstrap Buckle. Shell thickness - 0. M1 Liner Manufacturers A unique feature of the M1 was its suspended liner system. A little over 33 million were produced. The Steel Pot World War 2 saw millions produced of this unique for its time' helmet.
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The use of clasps' below indicate Postwar. M1 - Helmet 4 The M1 has a noticeable seam that is found on the attached helmet rim. Here we can see a good example of both front and rear seam M1's. Chinstraps The colour for earlier M1 chinstraps was OD 3. Below we can see a good example of the two different colours used. Here we have the stamps of both WW2 M1 manufacturers: M1 - Helmet 8 Liner Manufacturers The above symbols can be found in the crown area of the liner.
Special thanks also to Fabio - Combat Helmets. Hi, I have been attempting to find info on the stamps on the M1 steel pots.
What era/year/type of m1 helmet?
Hi and Welcome to the forum. Please login or register to see this attachment. Any maker marks to the liner? Please post some pics if you can. All the best Dani Please login or register to see this attachment. As I am not into US helmets, all is new and most informative to me. Thanks for your comments Eric-Jan. All the best Dani.
That is a nice early pot Timothy. Dani, Nice job on that profusely illustrated summary of the M1 helmet! Please note that the exterior shot was taken later than the interior shot. The lot number is B which means this is an early shell. The Firestone liner has blackened "A" washers, round tipped garter studs, raw ends on the back strap for the nape strap pointing to this being manufactured between and Thanks, -Steve Please login or register to see this attachment.
A little more detail, of two M1 pots. The McCord has a smooth finish. Adopted shortly before the United States entry into WWII, the first production M1 helmet shell was made of manganese steel coated in cork aggregate and dark olive drab paint. This combination gave the helmet a dark, coarse, appearance and texture.
The stamp can be hard to see but can identify maker and approximate year of manufacture. These features are common to all WWII helmets and were never changed during the course of the war.
Initial production helmets in to late had their rims seemed in the front. From to late , the seam met in the front center edge of the steel helmet.
The rim was made of stainless steel which did not rust but shined excessively when exposed, as the paint normally did not hold up well under constant contact with hard surfaces. At that time, the seam moved degrees to the center rear edge of the helmet. Originally, the chin straps were sewn onto fixed loops. This feature was installed on all front and early rear seamed helmets. The fixed loops were a weak point in the helmets design because the loops were in constant contact with the surface. Enough became broken off that they were superseded by the swivel loop type chinstrap attachments in From to late , these loops were welded directly to the left and right side of the helmet.
The airborne used a fixed loop in the shape of a half circle for most of the war but also used the standard swivel loop by the end of the war. From to late , chin straps were constructed of cotton webbing in olive drab shade number three top. It was produced in different shades from khaki to light green. Although officially phased out in , the number three shade was used passed , until supplies were exhausted. The decision to adopt the shade of field gear material to the darker olive drab number seven bottom was made by the end of It is usually found sewn on to rear seamed helmet shells.
Initially they were dyed olive drab number three which was technically a greenish khaki, but in practice was produced in varying shades from khaki to greenish khaki. In , a decision was made to phase out olive drab number three in favor of olive drab number seven, or dark olive drab. By the end of , the new color change was implemented.
This change was not completed over night by all manufacturers as the old number three material was normally used until exhausted. From to late , the chin strap buckle was made from a brass casting that can be readily distinguished by its brass construction and the raised bar cast into the top of the buckle. After , a simplified buckle was developed to ease construction and conserve brass. The M1 was so successful as a helmet system that many countries adopted it and even began to produce their own "clones".
However in general terms the actual helmet design changed little. Click on the WIN banner for more info. USN gun crew helmet. The shell can tell you a lot about the helmets age and in some cases its usage. For example the US Navy often tended to over paint their olive drab helmets with shades of blue, grey, yellow, orange, white or red and so on, for the various functions performed by their personnel while aboard ship.
Dating the M1 Steel Helmet
However what must be noted is that there was no standard, which is why you often come across many varied shades of "Battleship" grey USN helmets. Up until late the rim of the helmet was stainless steel with its join at the front. The paint tended not to stick to this rim and chipped off easily with many period M1s show this characteristic clearly. Shell texture during the war used crushed cork which gives a dimple like appearance.
This texture tended to wear more easily, and as can be seen on the left image above, is clearly shiner than the what was later used. The two images below highlight the texture differences. The chinstrap loops or bales on the very early M1 helmets were welded or "fixed" into the shell and were looped shaped. These were realised to be too fragile and so were soon replaced by rectangular shaped fixed bales. Fixed loop baled helmets are rare and naturally are quite sought after. Helmet chinstraps also can help date a helmet.
From its introduction to the end of the Second World War all M1 helmet chinstraps were sewn, or to be more specific, bar tacked to the chinstrap bale.
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